Arthrogryposis involves the broadly understood  deformation  of the joints (mainly in the upper and lower limbs). Deformation of the limbs, a reduced range of movement, lack of physical strength and muscle mass, reduction of active and passive movement of the joints are only some of the symptoms of this condition.

Thanks to the use of properly chosen orthopaedic supplies, it is possible, depending on the needs of the patient, to:

  • Prevent contractures and increase the range of movement of the joint

  • Stabilise the limbs or torso

  • Assist movement  (with the use of gas-compression springs in the orthoses )

  • Assist in maintaining an upright position

  • Restrict movement in the joint, for example the knee joint

  • Protect the spine from further deformation

AFO orthosis 

Rigid AFO,  AFO with support, AFO with carbon fibre,  AFO with joint.

An orthosis which encases the lower leg and foot, most often made from a thermoplastic material (polypropylene, polyethylene) or resin. Depending on the needs of the patient, the orthosis can be fitted with an internal shoe (made most often from leather or thermoplastic material) to ensure correct placement of the foot. 

KAFO orthosis  rigid KAFO,   and KAFO with joint. 

An orthosis encasing the thigh, lower leg, and foot. This comprises a thigh sheath combined with an appropriate type of knee joint (depending on the individual needs of the patient) attached to a sheath encasing the ankle and lower leg. The relevant feature of this type of device is the way that it secures the ankle joint (as in the AFO orthosis) and the knee joint, but mainly its limitation of flexion and extension contracture of the knee joint, facilitating movement across the appropriate plane and aiding the muscles which operate in this joint.

Thanks to the use of special screws, it is possible to construct a KAFO orthosis on a modular basis, making it sometimes possible to remove the AFO part.

HKAFO orthosis

An orthosis which encases the torso and both lower limbs. It comprises a back brace,  sheath, and leg braces combined with movable orthotic joints. It is constructed of thermoplastic materials and resins which are individually selected for the needs of the patient. This kind of orthosis is intended for patients with no pelvic control, and it provides stabilisation in the torso area, helping the patient to maintain an upright position. In order to ensure comfortable use of the brace, it is possible to block or unblock the orthotic joints to maintain the desired position for the patient (sitting or upright), and in conjunction with the progress of therapy to afford an adequate range of movement. 

Back brace

An orthosis encasing the torso. In cases of deformation in the area of the spine, custom designed back braces are constructed from an appropriate type of material, selected by taking into consideration the degree of deformation which in turn influences the hardness of the material used to obtain the best possible correction of the position of the spine The aim of orthosis is also to stop the progression of the deformation of the spine.

WHO orthosis 

An orthosis which covers the hand and forearm, which secures the wrist joint. It is most often used to correct the placement of the radiocarpal joint from excessive bending in the hand or elbow. 

With very small children, an orthosis with a support for the fingers and thumb is often used, allowing for the use of separators for the fingers. With older patients, an orthosis without support for the fingers is often used, in order to facilitate manual function of the limb. 

As with the lower limbs, a rigid orthosis is often used as well as an orthosis with a therapeutic wrist joint in order to release the contracture of this joint. These are constructed of thermoplastic materials, breathable fabrics, and resins which result in a significantly reduced weight for the orthosis.

ELWHO orthosis

An orthosis which covers the arm, forearm, and optionally the hand, which secures the elbow joint. It is most often used in redress therapy aiming to restore the ability of the elbow to bend after orthopaedic surgery in order to release the contracture of this joint.